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How Critical Thinking Help in Problem Solving

Critical thinking allows you to better navigate complex situations. It is essentially your ability to reason and question ideas, arguments, and findings. This article explores critical thinking, the importance of taking an analytical and objective approach to problem-solving, and ultimately how to think smarter.

How Critical Thinking Help in Problem Solving

What you’ll learn:

  • On overview of critical thinking and how it assists in navigating complex situations and solving problems.
  • The importance of keeping an open mind and focusing on the facts.

Content Summary

What is Critical Thinking?
What are the Benefits?
Characteristics of Critical Thinkers
Socratic Questioning
How to think Critically
Tips to takeaway

What is Critical Thinking?

Critical thinking is the process of analyzing, evaluating, and rationalizing information objectively. There are three types of critical thinking: reasoning, making judgments, and problem-solving, all of which require you to question, challenge, and draw conclusions.

Question: Critical thinking requires you to identify different arguments, evaluate different points of view, and ask questions to determine their strength and validity.

‘The important thing is not to stop questioning’ – Albert Einstein

Challenge: Critical thinking is a method of thinking in which you don’t just accept information at face value, but instead challenge it. This requires you to be somewhat skeptical but also open-minded to new information and findings which challenge your own preconceived ideas and assumptions.

‘It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it’ – Aristotle

Draw Conclusions: Critical thinking helps you to conclude from information, deciding what’s useful and what’s not, enabling you to solve problems, make confident decisions, and provide structured reasoning and support for your argument. Remember, a good critical thinker will weigh up all of the options before taking action.

‘You have a brain and mind of your own. Use it, and reach your own decisions’ – Napoleon Hill

What are the Benefits?

Critical thinking is essentially an exercise for the mind and when we choose to think critically we experience several benefits.

Smarter Thinking

Critical thinking is essentially about thinking smarter. In a world where we are overloaded with information, much of it conflicting, it can be difficult to work out what’s true, important, and relevant. However, by thinking critically you can gain a better understanding of the information you’re presented with.

Critical thinkers are always curious and actively seek out new information and knowledge. They apply critical thinking to even the simplest of issues and tasks, making them more efficient at solving problems and reaching positive outcomes.


Knowing how to filter out the irrelevant information from the relevant is a key time-saver, helping you to prioritize your time and resources.

With time and practice, critical thinkers become masters of efficiency, as their clear and reasonable way of thinking enables them to make informed decisions faster.

Improved Credibility

Critical thinkers are respected amongst their colleagues and peers as they do their homework and know their stuff! They can be relied upon to provide well-informed points to support their decisions as well as solid evidence to back them up, thus improving their credibility within the organization.


Critical thinking fosters independence as it encourages independent learning and thought, providing individuals with the skills they need to tackle complex issues and make well-informed and confident decisions, independently.

Characteristics of Critical Thinkers

So who are critical thinkers, and what characteristics do they share?

Open-Minded: Critical thinkers maintain an open mind and are open to all points of view, even those with which they disagree. They can separate facts from opinions, examine issues from all sides, make logical connections between ideas and make rational decisions based on their findings, whilst remaining free from personal judgment or bias. Critical thinkers are flexible in their thinking and remain open to the possibility of changing their views on an issue when logic and strong evidence prevails.

Analytical: Critical thinkers are analytical in their approach, breaking down information into manageable sections to analyze, interpret and evaluate. Once the information has been dissected, they apply sound logic and reasoning to solve the problem or reach a conclusion.

Systematic: Critical thinkers will systematically examine information without jumping to conclusions.

Inquisitive: Critical thinkers are always curious. They ask questions, are keen to know more, and actively seek out new information.

Sensible: Critical thinkers are cautious when making judgments and think carefully before taking action. They think independently and don’t just accept or follow ideas because others do.

Truth-Seeking: Critical thinkers are always looking for the truth and realize that even the wisest people can get things wrong!

Confident in Reasoning: Critical thinkers have faith in the power of logic and sound reasoning, feeling confident that rational and logical thinking will lead to the best solution.


One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is foresight, the ability to think ahead and anticipate what could happen or be needed in the future. This means looking to and thinking about the future.

Foresight can be developed through existing knowledge, similar past experiences, or simply intuition. It can’t predict the future, nor is it a road map of what will happen, but it does help you to identify circumstances that could impact the future.

By using foresight you can identify the problem, weigh up the pros and cons, and foresee the likely outcomes of different options, to make a well-informed decision.

Socratic Questioning

Critical thinking can be traced back to the vision of the philosopher Socrates, who established the importance of asking deep questions before accepting ideas as worthy of belief… which led to the term Socratic Questioning.

What is Socratic Questioning?

Socratic questioning is the process of asking questions that lead to multiple directions. It can be used for several different purposes, for example, to explore complex ideas, solve problems or analyze concepts. Socrates believed that individuals should strive to learn what they don’t know through effective questioning and critical thinking.

What does it involve?

Socratic questioning involves thinking with clarity and logic, asking probing questions, challenging information and its accuracy, and seeking evidence to help you make well-reasoned conclusions.

Why does it?

The underlying principle of ‘Socratic Questioning’ is to learn through the use of critical thinking, reasoning, and logic, and to think critically, you must ask questions that encourage thought. Critical thinking is driven by questions, but remember, the quality of the questions you ask will determine the quality of thought and ultimately the conclusions drawn. For best results, ask open questions such as what, why, where, which, when, and how?

How to think Critically

Critical thinking is one of today’s key employability skills and therefore an important one to have. So how can you think critically in your day-to-day life?

Keep your mind open

It’s important to keep an open mind as you analyze and evaluate information. Being able to step back from a situation will help you to see the bigger picture.

Adopt a growth mindset by approaching situations with an open and curious mind and avoid jumping to conclusions. Critical thinking and a growth mindset go hand-in-hand, it just takes practice.

Don’t be afraid to ask questions

To better understand a situation, it’s important to ask questions and probe for more information. Using open questions can help you to dig deeper, but remember, it’s not an interrogation… so probe politely and respectfully.

Observe, Listen and Analyse

When you carefully observe and record details, you will be able to collect information and gain better insight and a deeper understanding of each situation. It’s also important to focus and actively listen to what’s being said to ensure you have all the facts before making any conclusions.

Analyzing is about breaking information down into parts and evaluating how well those parts function together and separately. This begins with objectivity and relies on observation, gathering, and evaluating evidence so you arrive at a better-informed conclusion.

Is it relevant?

In many circumstances, you’ll be presented with information that seems valuable at first glance but turns out to be a minor detail in a much bigger picture. So, take time to consider how relevant the information actually is… is it really useful or is it just distracting from a more important point?

Keep the balance

It’s important to remain as objective as possible, looking at the information and focusing on the facts. Being objective can be challenging but stepping back from a situation can help you to see the bigger picture more clearly.

Inner Bias

People are often driven by spontaneous, unconscious, and emotional behavior, and whilst they can think rationally, they mostly behave habitually. However, when you can understand your irrationalities and can explain why you behave the way you do, you become more predictable and consistent, which can make you more rational. Being aware of your inner biases is essential to overcome them.

Take a breath

Emotion is the enemy of reason… it’s therefore important to keep your emotions in check, basing your conclusions on facts, not feelings. A good critical thinker knows the difference between a rational thought based on careful consideration and an emotional response based on personal bias.

Create the time and space to think and don’t be pushed into making a decision or coming up with a conclusion without having had enough time to apply critical thinking to be sure you have reached the best solution.

Challenge the status quo

Critical thinking may well mean questioning long-established practices and refusing to accept traditional approaches simply because that’s the way it’s always been done. Although your willingness to challenge may seem controversial, it’s an essential part of the process.


Question 1

Critical thinking involves _________, evaluating and rationalising information __________.

Correct Answer:
analysing and objectively
Answer Description:
Critical thinking involves analyzing, evaluating, and rationalizing information objectively.

Question 2

When analyzing information what should you do?

A. Focus on the facts
B. Remain objective
C. Work out what’s relevant
Correct Answer:
A. Focus on the facts
B. Remain objective
C. Work out what’s relevant
Answer Description:
When analyzing information work out what’s relevant, focus on the facts, and remain objective.

Question 3

Is it ok to challenge information?

A. Yes, of course
B. No, take it at face value
Correct Answer:
A. Yes, of course
Answer Description:
You should be willing to challenge information. While it may seem controversial, it’s essential to the creative and innovative mindset of a critical thinker.

Question 4

“Emotion is the enemy of reason.”
Is this statement true or false?

A. True
B. False
Correct Answer:
A. True
Answer Description:
Emotion is the enemy of reason. It’s important to keep your emotions in check and reach a conclusion based on facts, not feelings. A good critical thinker has the self-awareness to know the difference between a rational thought based on careful consideration and an emotional response based on personal bias.

Question 5

One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is…

A. Hindsight
B. Foresight
C. Insight
Correct Answer:
B. Foresight
Answer Description:
One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is the ability to think ahead and anticipate what could happen or be needed in the future. By using foresight, you can identify the problem, weigh up the pros and cons and predict the likely outcomes of the various options, to make a well-informed decision.

Tips to takeaway

  • Keep an open mind.
  • Focus on the facts.
  • Challenge the status quo.


A key skill that enables you to think clearly and distill complexity, critical thinking is the process of analyzing, evaluating, and rationalizing information objectively.

In an ever-changing environment where many people experience information overload, critical thinkers can better navigate complex situations by questioning and challenging information, drawing their own conclusions, and make confident decisions.

So, what are the benefits of critical thinking?

Well, practicing critical thinking enables you to assess and consider different approaches to most effectively solve problems.

Critical thinkers will rigorously question ideas rather than simply accepting them at face value. As problems become more complicated, critical thinking can help you to weigh up the pros and cons to reach an objective conclusion.

As such, thinking critically can actually be a significant time-saver as you learn to successfully filter out irrelevant information and identify what’s important.

This, in turn, can make critical thinkers more effective communicators, able to competently express consistent and relevant points which support their theory or idea.

What’s more, demonstrating your ability to make well-informed arguments to support your decisions will increase your overall credibility and instill confidence in others.

So, how can you become a critical thinker?

Well, to delve deeper and discover more, it’s important to first have an open and inquisitive mind, being willing to ask questions such as what, why, where, which, when, and how?

When asking questions, be mindful of your tone to ensure your conversation doesn’t become an interrogation! Sometimes, it can help to explain why you’re asking questions and what you’re hoping to achieve.

Be willing to challenge existing ideas and concepts as this is the key to maintaining the creative and innovative mindset of a critical thinker.

When faced with a problem, critical thinkers must remain as objective as possible when looking at information and be sure to focus on the facts. Try to see the bigger picture when analyzing information and take time to look at things from every angle.

When you’ve gathered all the facts, stop and consider how relevant the information actually is. Is it actually useful or could it be distracting from a more pertinent point? Critical thinking takes all information into account but sifts through to focus on and explore what is most relevant to the problem at hand.

As a critical thinker, it’s important to remember that people are often driven by emotional, spontaneous, and unconscious behavior. As such, it’s important to be aware of your own inner biases that could affect your decision-making and point of view when evaluating facts.

It can be difficult to apply cool logic and think critically when you’re tired, stressed, or angry so try to keep your emotions in check when approaching problems to ensure your mindset is
open and rational.

If you do find yourself overcome with emotion or feeling pushed into making a decision, give yourself the time and space to think and gain perspective of the situation before proceeding.

In summary…

Critical thinking is the application of logic to make better decisions and is a highly valuable skill in the workplace, as you analyze and evaluate information, focus on the facts, ask questions and remain objective.

Nina Norman is a certified book reviewer and editor with over 10 years of experience in the publishing industry. She has reviewed hundreds of books for reputable magazines and websites, such as The New York Times, The Guardian, and Goodreads. Nina has a master’s degree in comparative literature from Harvard University and a PhD in literary criticism from Oxford University. She is also the author of several acclaimed books on literary theory and analysis, such as The Art of Reading and How to Write a Book Review. Nina lives in London, England with her husband and two children. You can contact her at [email protected] or follow her on Website | Twitter | Facebook

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